biography · theatres · key dates · plots · faq · books · glossary · scholars · quiz 8. What is the dramatic purpose of the quarrel between Prospero and Ariel? 9. Who is Sycorax? What has Shakespeare accomplished in Act I of The Tempest? A Midsummer Night's Dream Shakespeare portrays man in connection with the. Get an answer for 'What is the relationship between Ariel and Prospero in Act I, Scene 2 and find homework help for other The Tempest questions at eNotes. The Tempest study guide contains a biography of William 2 What is the name of Caliban's mother? his daughter's unfavorable marriage.
Caliban claims the island as his own and says that Prospero has tricked him in the past. Prospero is unmoved, claiming that Caliban is corrupt, having tried to rape Miranda. Prospero threatens and cajoles Caliban's obedience, but Caliban's presence makes Miranda uneasy.
After Caliban leaves, Ariel enters with Ferdinand, who sees Miranda, and the two fall instantly in love. Although this is what Prospero intended to have happen, he does not want it to appear too easy for Ferdinand, and so he accuses Ferdinand of being a spy.
When Prospero uses magic to control Ferdinand, Miranda begs him to stop. Analysis Prospero tells Miranda their history as a way to inform the audience of this important information. In addition, the audience needs to know what events motivate Prospero's decision to stir up the storm and why the men onboard the ship are his enemies — several share responsibility for Prospero's isolation.
By sharing this information, Miranda — and the audience — can conclude that Prospero is justified in seeking retribution. At the very least, Prospero must make Miranda sympathetic to this choice. It is also important that Prospero gain the audience's sympathy because his early treatment of both Ariel and Caliban depict him in a less than sympathetic light.
Ariel and Caliban are both little more than slaves to Prospero's wishes, and, in the initial interactions between Prospero and Ariel and Prospero and Caliban, the audience may think Prospero callous and cruel. He has clearly promised Ariel freedom and then denied it, and he treats Caliban as little more than an animal.
The audience needs to understand that cruel circumstance and the machinations of men have turned Prospero into a different man than he might otherwise have been.
But Prospero's character is more complex than this scene reveals, and the relationship between these characters more intricate also. During the course of the story, Prospero repeatedly asks Miranda if she is listening. This questioning may reveal her distraction as she worries about the well-being of the ship's passengers. Miranda is loving toward her father, but at the same time, she does not lose sight of the human lives he is placing at risk.
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However, his questioning is equally directed toward the audience. Prospero also wants to make sure that the audience is listening to his story, since he will return to the audience in the Epilogue and seek their judgment. It is clear from Prospero's story that he had been a poor ruler, more interested in his books than in his responsibilities.
Prospero, therefore, is not entirely blameless in the events that occurred in Milan. Antonio could not so easily seize power from an involved and attentive ruler. This information mitigates Antonio's actions in seizing his brother's place and is important because this play is not a tragedy.
In order for the comedic or romantic ending to succeed, none of the villains can be beyond redemption or reconciliation.
It is equally important that Prospero not be beyond redemption. Prospero must be heroic, and this he cannot be if he is perceived as vengeful. Ariel reassures the audience as well as Prospero that the ship and its crew have been saved and the passengers are safely on the island.
No one has been hurt or lost at sea. In addition to relating the past, this act also helps define the main characters and anticipate the future. Prospero has been injured, and he intends to serve justice on his captives. He delves in magic and has developed powers beyond those of his enemies. He is also intelligent enough and strong enough to control the spirits on the island; for example, he can control Caliban, who is not without power of his own.
Prospero uses the magic of nature, a white, beneficent magic that does no harm. You'd think he would have figured out a way to wizard his way out of being thrown out of power if he's just able to sink ships at will, but I guess consistency isn't quite Shakespeare's strong suit.
The Tempest: Colonialism and Magic in Shakespeare - Quiz
Come to think of it, that's kind of like Lost as well in a way. The plane crashes because Desmond forgets to push the button, but there's heavy suggestion that the people were destined to come there anyway. So there's a little bit of inconsistency there as well. Like the people of Oceanic Flightthe people on board the ship are pretty sure they're all going to die because things aren't looking good for them.
Meanwhile, while his storm is trashing the boat, Prospero and Miranda are sitting around watching the fireworks from their island, and Prospero decides this is the perfect moment to tell her where she comes from. He decides to tell her - because apparently he has not told her this before - that he's the rightful Duke of Milan and he was deposed by his evil brother, who, by the way, is on that ship out there.
It's kind of weird that he's never told Miranda any of this, leaving her content to just think that she was 'magicked' into being on this weird island by her weird magician father. But now he's told her, and he 'magicks' her to sleep after he tells her and he goes to deal with serious business. He gets his air-sprite fairy servant guy Ariel to come down for a chat no, not that Ariel; I told you already before.
So Ariel was the one who actually made the storm, it turns out - he can just be told to go and conjure lightning and thunder and all that - and he's made sure that everybody has survived, and he's deposited them all over the island. So there's the tail section of the plane and the body of the plane and all that stuff with the pilot and whatever. After reviewing all of this with Prospero - job well done! Unfortunately, it seems like asking about this has counted as complaining in Prospero's book, so he gets the very long 'Why are you so ungrateful?
Prospero reminds him that he actually rescued Ariel from imprisonment. Ariel had been locked away, basically inside of a tree, for failing to serve Sycorax, who is a witch who used to live on the island and who is now dead. Prospero rescued him, so apparently now Ariel has to serve him forever without complaining - so no freedom for Ariel.
Ariel leaves, Miranda wakes up there's a lot of magical falling asleep and waking up in this play, so just go with it. So Prospero decides to call his other supernatural servant, Caliban. He is actually the son of that witch Sycorax who locked Ariel in the tree. He enters the stage, and he's cursing: As wicked dew as e'er my mother brush'd With raven's feather from unwholesome fen Drop on you both!
A south-west blow on ye And blister you all o'er! He's really upset; he's not a happy camper. Prospero is not pleased by Caliban's outpouring of venom, and he threatens to give him cramps as punishment. It turns out that all he wants him to do is gather firewood, but we get an interesting exchange in this process.
This is when we find out that Caliban had tried to rape Miranda: In mine own cell, till thou didst seek to violate The honour of my child. O ho, O ho! Would't had been done! Thou didst prevent me; I had peopled else This isle with Calibans.
So that's a little creepy. He's basically saying that if Prospero hadn't interrupted him, he would have 'peopled the isle' with little baby Calibans via Miranda. Clearly one is difficult enough, so I'm kinda glad that didn't happen. Prospero scolds him for being horribly ungrateful, and then we get a continued exchange that really highlights something that's seen as a big theme of this play: Took pains to make thee speak, taught thee each hour One thing or other: You taught me language; and my profit on't Is, I know how to curse.
The red plague rid you For learning me your language! So basically Caliban was a native of the island and didn't know how to speak. Prospero came along and taught him he also enslaved him and made him fetch him firewood all the timeand he thinks that Caliban should be grateful for this, should be grateful for learning how to talk.The Tempest: The Royal Shakespeare Company
But Caliban basically says that his only profit from learning how to speak is that now he knows how to curse and he can curse out Prospero - essentially his slave-driver - and better express his misery. Modern critics have basically interpreted this as reflecting the problem of colonizing 'savages' in order to 'improve' them.
It's not an improvement if then they're subordinate to the colonizers. There are a lot of issues then with people writing literature in colonized countries in the language of the colonizer, and what that might mean, so it has a lot of implications.
Caliban really becomes a symbol of colonized language in a way for a lot of people later on who study this kind of thing. Anyway, in the play, Caliban, after this exchange, skulks away. Prospero has Ariel lead Ferdinand remember, he's the son of the King of Naples across Miranda's field of vision, and of course it's love at first sight; they really like each other.
But Prospero, while he's sort of resigned to the fact that this might go down, doesn't want to make it easy. He can't just let them be happy. So he decides that he's going to pretend to imprison Ferdinand and make him do stuff for him.
And he tells Miranda that he's actually an awful guy, and Miranda doesn't know what she's talking about because she's never known anybody except her dad. Again, Prospero's resigned to them getting together, so he's really just doing this to be annoying and likes to imprison people, I guess, and make them serve him.
That's what kind of dude he is. Act II Wow, that was a long act. They can't find him; he washed up somewhere else on the shore. They can't believe they're alive - it's been crazy with the shipwreck, etc. Alonso's feeling really bad and thinks everything is all his fault. Antonio remember, Prospero's brother, the usurping Duke of Milan and Sebastian Alonso's brother are not being very helpful or nice.
They all get 'magicked' to sleep again by Ariel's piping or something like that, and while they're sleeping, Antonio and Sebastian plot to kill Alonso so that Sebastian can be king. These guys are super bad news. They deposed Prospero - this is really nasty.