Tourism and the environment - towards a symbiotic relationship.
TOURISM & ENVIRONMENT SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP; ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS 1. Environmental awareness. 2. Enhancements. Through this symbiosis, Toyooka city will increased awareness on environmental issues ＋ increased profit for tourist agencies . symbiotic relationship!. Ecotourism is reputed to be the fastest-growing sector of the world tourism a symbiotic relationship between tourism and the natural marine environment.
This model suggests that when calculating the value of the ecosystem services from a given ecosystem, the revenue brought into the region from ecotourism should be 15 considered because the additional value may be enough of an added incentive to warrant land protection. First, more research is needed on the economic impact of ecotourism to natural resource rich areas, so that public land managers and private land owners can accurately know the effects of various land management decisions.
In addition to more research, findings linking ecotourism dollars to natural resource conservation need to be better publicized outside of academia. This includes not just publishing in peer- reviewed journals but also taking the time to publish findings in magazines, trade journals, newspapers and other forms of popular press, so that legislators and others with decision making power are aware of the value of conserving natural resources.
Without understanding the relationship between ecotourism dollars and natural resources conservation, land managers and public officials are functionally blind and do not have all the pertinent information needed to make the best decisions that maximize benefits across the triple bottom line.
This monitoring needs to be at both the resource level, as well as with tourists because the perception of degraded natural resources could be as detrimental as actual degradation if it leads to decreased visitation and there is no longer tourism dollars flowing into the region to subsidize the protection of the natural resources.
The previous research on the appropriate carrying capacity could be applied to ensure the scale of ecotourism is appropriate and does not degrade the quality of the natural resources or the quality of the tourism experience McCool and Lime, Dolnicar and Leisch have found these types of travelers to exist and by marketing towards these types of responsible tourists, the destination can not only benefit from the revenue brought in from the tourists, but will also experience less negative environmental impacts than with marketing towards the general traveling public.
Isaacs cautions ecotourism enthusiasts that ecotourism can bring with it the negative externalities of wildlife harassment, habitat deterioration, and pollution. The multiple interpretations of what constitutes the host community in tourism is precisely why it is important to delineate and define the community of interest. According to this argument, if consumer demand for ecotourism experiences declines, then the money subsidizing environmental protection will be gone and another economic use will likely take over.
This attraction means that the tourism carrying capacity in these areas needs to be keenly observed, so that the scale of ecotourism is appropriate and does not adversely affect the natural resources making it successful in the first place McCool and Lime, This scenario presents the dilemma of ecotourists traveling to sensitive ecosystems and their expenditures being used to justify environmental protection while indirectly their GHG emissions may be causing global climate change that could threaten the very resources that they traveled to see.
This scenario also presents a real conundrum for the sustainable tourism literature over whether it is better to travel or not to travel Boley, In addition to the challenges posed by traveling to these sensitive natural areas, the popularity of using ecotourism as a form of economic development is not shared by all.
Dryzek suggests sustainable development and its cousin sustainable tourism have been successful due to their political nature which acknowledge environmental limits, but also allows these environmental limits to be stretched under the right policies so that economic growth can continue indefinitely.
Tourism and the environment: a symbiotic relationships Dissertation
While ecotourism and sustainable tourism are largely consumptive, pro-growth discourses, the important question that remains is what happens to the natural resources in these areas without the economic incentives from tourism to protect them? Fennell and Smalep. In a time where, intrinsic environmental reasons for land protection are losing their appeal, Shellenberger and Nordhaus suggest there needs to be more anthropocentric reasons to protect the environment.The Symbiosis of Tourism and the Environment
The proposed model follows their advice by demonstrating the symbiotic relationship between ecotourism and natural resource conservation. The proposed model and discussion above illuminate a long discussed dilemma within the sustainable tourism literature e.
Are ecosystems better off with or without the presence of ecotourism? The answer may not be a simple yes or no, because without ecotourism, natural resources may not have enough intrinsic value for protection, and with ecotourism, natural resources face various negative externalities.
The dilemma associated with ecotourism shares many similarities with the dilemma highlighted above. Where some environmentalists would rather have no tourism in sensitive natural areas, realistically the demands for natural resources in the form of other consumptive 21 uses such as real-estate development, poaching, slash and burn agriculture, logging, mining and other environmentally destructive activities may be the only other land use option when compared to ecotourism development.
Middleton and Hawkins write of the complexities associated with natural resource management when tourism is removed from the equation in the following quote: Realistic sustainable programmes need to start from that fairly brutal understanding, not from wistful dreams of community participation in imaginary Arcadias p.
Ecotourists traveling to these sensitive areas could provide an extra economic incentive for local communities to protect their natural resources that may not exist without tourism. Figure 1 attempts to visualize this important relationship between ecotourism and natural resources in order for both ecotourism advocates and environmentalists to see that without protecting natural resources, there would be little motivation for tourists to travel to an area and that without ecotourism, there would also be less motivation to protect natural resources.
In essence, there is the potential a sustainable symbiotic relationship between ecotourism and natural resource protection when the value of natural resources to ecotourism is fully understood. As Fennell and Smale note, the success of this relationship between ecotourism and natural resource conservation hinges on the ability to strike a balance 22 between tourism development and resource protection and the ability for those in control to take a long-term view of success where cumulative profits, resident quality of life, and ecosystem health are valued over short-term economic gains.
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Tourism and the environment: a symbiotic relationships - Dissertation Example
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OPINION - TOURISM AND SECURITY: A SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP
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Journal of Ecotourism, 12 3 While tourism products are directly experienced and consumed by visitors and tourists, these need to be complemented by a range of indirect systems and services that are vital to facilitating an enjoyable and hassle free experience. These supply side support systems include service quality levels human interfaces and operating standardsintangibles safety, environmental integrity, and general destination upkeepand tourism related infrastructure public transport, airport, roads, utilities, road signs and so on and tourism information networks and systems information offices, electronically accessible information services, market intelligence and planning information.
In destination Gambia, a lot of attention is being paid to the intangibles and security is of paramount importance in the supply side support mix. As a global industry, tourism is on the march despite challenges at economic level exacerbated by growing terrorist threat at international and regional levels. Potential in the tourism sector is undeniable and the African continent hosted staggering 58 million visitors in and this is poised to increase to million arrivals to the region by based on tangible forecasts.
As the flow of tourists increase there is greater need for tourism stakeholders to pay particular attention to certain key variables shaping tourism development both locally and the global level, and these include amongst others: Security and safety- a sine qua non for tourism development.
Demand by discerning tourists of value for money and quality products. Effectiveness of marketing plans and strategies which should be well integrated and focused including the use of e.
Effective distribution channels and strengthening presence in key source markets. Enlarge the capacity to communicate effectively with tourists in their own languages hence the appointment of marketing and PR representatives in key markets and rolling out of translated versions of marketing literature. It is gratifying to point out that the GTBoard- the implementing arm of the Ministry of Tourism and Culture has taken tangible steps to address each of the foregoing and is work in progress.
Tourism security may be viewed from different perspectives but in the Gambian context tourism security may be considered under two broad parameters — security of the tourist the people travelling from one place to another for diverse motivations such as adventure, shopping, vacation, education, research, religion, business and or visit to relative and friends VRF etc, and the security of all the resources invested in tourism.
Personal safety often comes first for any traveler. No one is willing or likely to travel to a country where personal safety and security are compromised. It is generally recognized that the Gambia is safe and secure enough a country to visit, except for a brief period during the post election impasse.