Does the conceptual distinction between singular and plural sets depend on language?
We use any before nouns to refer to indefinite or unknown quantities or an unlimited If I were able to travel back to any place and time in history, I would go to ancient China. We use weak form any only with uncountable nouns or with plural nouns: We don't use any with this meaning with singular countable nouns. These experiments suggest that knowledge of singular-plural morphology is not front of a box, and were encouraged to reach into the box and retrieve one. They were then allowed to search again during a ten-second measurement period. we know infants are sensitive well before they begin producing plural nouns. English nouns are inflected for grammatical number, meaning that if they are of the countable . Other nouns that have identical singular and plural forms include: English consonant declension, see Germanic umlaut § I-mutation in Old English. Mongeese is a back-formation by mistaken analogy to goose / geese and is.
Although very young infants have a rich capacity to represent sets, previous studies have found a striking failure on the part of infants as old as months to distinguish between sets of one and more than one, as such i. When representing large sets, 6-month-olds distinguish 4 vs. However, infants as old as months fail to distinguish between singular and plural sets, as such, under certain experimental conditions.
In one investigation of object tracking in human infants, Feigenson and Carey demonstrated that to month-old infants can track up to 3 objects in parallel, but cannot resolve comparisons like 1 vs. When shown sets of crackers hidden one-at-a-time into two containers, and month-old infants crawled reliably to the larger set for comparisons of 1 vs. However, they chose at chance for 1 vs.English Grammar Course - Singular and Plural Nouns #2
In another study, upon seeing 2 or 3 objects hidden in a box, month-olds searched longer in the box after retrieving 1 object than if only 1 object was originally hidden.
The specific failure at 1 vs. They were then allowed to search again during a ten-second measurement period. The and month-olds searched longer after retrieving the one object when they had seen 4 hidden than when they had seen only one hidden.
However, the and month-olds did not. Thus, unlike to month-olds, month-old children learning English distinguished between sets of 1 and 4.
If they could track four objects as four individuals, they should know that when two objects are removed, two more still remain inside the box.
Although children succeeded at the 1 vs.
English plurals - Wikipedia
When 4 objects were hidden and infants had removed two, they failed to search longer than on trials in which 2 objects were originally hidden. Almost all parents of the month-olds said no, whereas those of and month-olds, for the most part, said yes. This correlation between acquiring singular-plural morphology and deploying a non-linguistic distinction between singular and plural sets is open to two broad classes of interpretation; it could reflect an effect of language learning on thought, or, conversely, an effect of conceptual development on language development.
If acquiring singular-plural morphology is the occasion for formulating the conceptual distinction between singular and plural sets or if it makes an existing distinction more salientthen children learning languages which lack singular-plural morphology should be delayed in distinguishing singular and plural sets relative to children learning English.
If, however, the mastery of the singular-plural distinction in English depends on antecedent conceptual development, then no differences should be found between children from different linguistic groups. Experiment 1 begins to explore the causal relation between the acquisition of singular-plural morphology and the conceptual distinction between singular and plural sets by testing children learning Japanese. In the following table, the Latin plurals are listed, together with the Anglicized forms when these are more common.
Different paradigms of Latin pronunciation can lead to confusion as to the number or gender of the noun in question. As traditionally used in English, including scientific, medical, and legal contexts, Latin nouns retain the classical inflection with regard to spelling; however those inflections use an Anglicized pronunciation: The words alumni masculine plural and alumnae feminine plural are notorious in this regard, as alumni in Anglicised pronunciation sounds the same as alumnae in Italianate pronunciation.
Because many of these plurals do not end in -s, some of them have been reinterpreted as singular forms: See below for more information. Similarly, words such as criteria and phenomena are used as singular by some speakers, although this is still considered incorrect in standard usage see below.
Notice that we do not use an apostrophe -s to create the plural of a word-in-itself. We would also write "The shortstop made two spectacular outs in that inning. The speed of an internal combustion engine is measured in "revolutions per minute" or rpm lower case and the efficiency of an automobile is reported in "miles per gallon" or mpg no "-s" endings.
Notice that no apostrophe is involved in the formation of these plurals. Whether abbreviations like these are formed with upper- or lower-case letters is a matter of great mystery; only your dictionary editor knows for sure. Notice, furthermore, that we do not use an apostrophe to create plurals in the following: The s in Europe are widely regarded as years of social decadence.
I have prepared s for the entire staff. Authority for this last paragraph: A Brief Handbook by Ann Raimes.
Singular Subjects, Plural Predicates, etc. We frequently run into a situation in which a singular subject is linked to a plural predicate: My favorite breakfast is cereal with fruit, milk, orange juice, and toast. Sometimes, too, a plural subject can be linked to singular predicate: Mistakes in parallelism are the only problem here.
In such situations, remember that the number singular or plural of the subject, not the predicate, determines the number of the verb. See the section on Subject-Verb Agreement for further help.
A special situation exists when a subject seems not to agree with its predicate.