According to mark knapp the five stages of relationship development are

In Knapp's Stages Of Relationship - Culture Libre

according to mark knapp the five stages of relationship development are

When it comes to the formation and development of relationships, it's no In this article, we talk about the five stages of Mark Knapp's model of. The fourth stage of development of relations is the integration stage, where he lives Coming together and falling apart: Mark Knapp, the relational model of the These are the first five stages of Knapp \\ \\ u relations Vangelisti Model. Communication scholar Mark Knapp advocates for a relationship development model that includes five stages of coming together and five.

Knapp's relational development model - Wikipedia

At this stage, there is still some hope that the relationship can be revived. However, in many cases there are too many costs accumulating and, therefore, most do not stay at this stage for long. A key reason why individuals stay in this stage is to avoid the pain associated with terminating the relationship. When actual avoidance cannot take place, however, partners will simply avoid each other while they're together, treating the other as if they didn't exist.

Essentially, the individuals in the relationship become separate from one another physically, emotionally, and mentally. When there is communication, it is often marked by antagonism or unfriendliness "I just don't want to see or talk to you". Different forms of distancing are also common at this stage: No longer are they both receiving a mutually satisfying outcome from being with one another.

Neither one of them is happy and the relationship must come to an end.

according to mark knapp the five stages of relationship development are

In this model, this step is unavoidable and relationships can terminate at any time. Termination can occur due to physical separation, growing socially or psychologically apart, or the death of one of the partners. Communication in this stage is marked by distance an attempt to put psychological and physical barriers between partners and disassociation messages that prepare one or both parties for their life without the other.


Movement is generally systematic and sequential. This does not suggest that the process is linear or unchangeable; the phenomena is never at rest and is continually in flux. People do generally follow the same pattern, however. Each stage contains important presuppositions for the next. Sequencing makes forecasting adjacent stages easier. Skipping steps is risky due to potentially losing information that would have been provided in the skipped step.

according to mark knapp the five stages of relationship development are

Movement may be forward. Any movement toward greater levels of intimacy is considered "forward. Movement may be backward. Backward movement can be the result of moving too quickly, thus preventing any sort of stabilization. Movement occurs within stages. Movement is always to a new state. Partners can go through the same stages more than once, but they can never truly go back to "the way things were. In an effort to determine which stage partners are in, Welch and Rubin gave partners a list of behaviors and asked them to indicate the extent to which each behavior was characteristic of their relationship.

Interpersonal Communication 3rd ed.

Knapp’s Relationship Model – Coming Together | RayKLiu

Building Interpersonal Communication Skills. Interpersonal Communication and Human Relationships 7th ed. From Greeting to Goodbye. Retrieved 23 October Human Communication Research, 11, — In The Company of Others 4th ed. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 15 285— Cognition, Communication, and Romantic Relationships. Distance regulation in personal relationships: The development of a conceptual model and a test of representational validity.

Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 19, — Development of relationship stage measures. This is the initial contact with strangers, where first impressions are formed based on appearance, clothing, and conduct.

While impressions may not be accurate, they form the basis of screening and filtering in which people decide whether they wish to develop the relationship further. Stage two is Experimenting. Here people get better acquainted by engaging in small talk.

They try to find something in common e. If the experience is pleasant they will explore some more; if not the relationship stays here at the acquaintance level. The next stage is Intensifying, where people test the waters by sharing some personal information to see if it will be reciprocated. Defenses are lowered in self-disclosure, and forms of address become familiar. There is increased physical touch and commitment, passing from casual friends to serious friends. The fourth stage is Integrating.

Knapp's Model of Relational Development and Deterioration

Others view them as a couple. The final stage in Coming Together is Bonding. They declare their commitment and exclusivity to each other formally and publicly. In the case of romantic relationships, they get married and share the future together.