The Relationship Between Slavery & Cotton | Synonym
But slavery, in addition to the cotton gin, was a key component of the cotton business. Whitney got the idea for the gin while working as a tutor. Eli Whitney patented his cotton engine, or “gin,” in A mechanical device The cotton gin freed slaves from the arthritic labor of separating seeds from the lint by hand. At the same time, Economic History Association. south-park-episodes.info Hounshell . Based in part on his reputation for creating the cotton gin, Whitney Among the objects he designed and built as a youth were a nail forge and a violin. Because slavery was the cheapest form of labor, cotton farmers . machines that emerged out of World War II–and the difference isn't only in their size.
Although the cotton gin made cotton processing less labor-intensive, it helped planters earn greater profits, prompting them to grow larger crops, which in turn required more people. Because slavery was the cheapest form of labor, cotton farmers simply acquired more slaves. Whitney Moves On Patent-law issues prevented Whitney from ever significantly profiting from the cotton gin; however, inhe secured a contract from the U. Whitney promoted the idea of interchangeable parts—standardized, identical parts that would make for faster assembly as well as easier repair of various objects and machines.
At the time, guns were typically built individually by skilled craftsmen, so that each finished device was unique.
The cotton gin: A game-changing social and economic invention - National Constitution Center
Although it ultimately took Whitney some 10 years, instead of two, to fulfill his contract, he was credited with playing a pioneering role in the development of the American system of mass-production. InWhitney, then in his early 50s, married Henrietta Edwards, with whom he would have four children. He died on January 8,at age The cotton gin was a very simple invention.
First, the cotton bolls were put into the top of the machine. Next, you turn the handle, which turns the cotton through the wire teeth that combs out the seeds. Then the cotton is pulled out of the wire teeth and out of the cotton gin. Farmers were able to plant more cotton.
How the Cotton Gin Started the Civil War
Cotton is easy to grow but because it was so difficult to clean, cotton was not a cash crop. Tobacco is difficult to grow.
Tobacco wears out the land and the land must be given a rest once every 7 years. But cotton can grow anywhere, even on land that is drained of its nutrients. Now that cotton is easier to clean and since it grows easily, cotton became the number one cash crop in the South.Slavery - Crash Course US History #13
The farmers needed more land to grow cotton. They took the land from the Native Americans. The farmers needed more workers. Slaves were the free labor that the farmers needed to harvest the cotton. This growth of cotton production affected the world. The Northern part of the United States bought more cotton and built more textile mills. Plantation owners made up the upper class, but the owners of large cotton plantations who owned 20 slaves or more were the true aristocracy.
Cotton Gin and Eli Whitney
The only way a farmer could increase his production of cotton, increase his profits and elevate his station was to purchase slaves. The farmers who did not own slaves and instead worked the land themselves dreamed of owning slaves in the same way a 21st-century American might aspire to owning his own business or buying his own home.
Slaves were not just a necessity in the South; they were a symbol of success. Forever in Dixie The Civil War of to freed African Americans from their Southern masters, but didn't liberate them from the cotton fields.
Fearing the Northern states would be flooded with refugee slaves, a policy of containment was instituted by Union Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas.
He arranged for freed slaves to remain in the South and work the fields of abandoned Southern plantations controlled by white Northern owners. Once assigned to a plantation, the former slaves were not permitted to leave without a pass.