Education and occupation of highincome Canadians
OTTAWA—More Canadians are getting an education and those studies are paying returns with higher salaried jobs, new census data reveals. In , % of Canadians aged 25 to 64 had either college or including the relationship between their field of education and their job. The connection between education and economic growth was the subject of much . of Schooling, and Employment Income Groups for Canada, Provinces, and.
On Tuesday evenings, she and a friend have a standing date. They build video games, supervised by her web developer dad.
Higher education does lead to higher incomes: University of Ottawa study
Woods works from home and reads with his daughter every night Ms. Woods, a business consultant, is often on the road but makes sure to Skype in. Naomi read the entire Harry Potter series before her seventh birthday. I cannot afford that. It's too expensive for me," Latifa Sultana, Shazfa's mother said.
Sultana noticed her daughter struggled with reading; Shazfa would skip words. Sultana asked the teacher but was told not to be concerned. She spent half an hour reading with Shazfa every evening and created a folder of rhyming words for Shazfa until she saw an improvement in the girl's skills. Sultana stays home while her husband works as a chef.
They immigrated from Bangladesh in They moved to the Edgewood neighbourhood four years ago from an apartment building in East York to give their children a neighbourhood and a house to grow up in. In theory, Naomi and Shafza would have equal opportunities to do well in school, participate in extracurriculars and move on to university or college.
According to the OECD, Canada's educational system is more effective than that of most other countries in compensating for income inequalities. But the reality is becoming quite different. As neighbourhoods become increasingly defined by income in the country's cities, student achievement scores reflect that divide. In Toronto, where income inequality is highest, wealth and test scores at Canada's largest school board are correlated.
A Globe and Mail analysis, based on data obtained from the Education Quality and Accountability Office and income data from Statistics Canada, shows this divergence quite clearly. High-scoring elementary schools are primarily concentrated in high-income areas and vice-versa.
In lower-income neighbourhoods, a higher percentage of students fail the reading, writing and math tests. When it comes to gifted students, nearly 60 per cent came from the three highest income deciles, according to a TDSB study.
Fully a quarter came from the very highest income group, and only 11 per cent were from the three lowest deciles. The study also found that those kids identified with a language impairment or a developmental disability were more likely to come from lower-income neighbourhoods.
Those disadvantages intensify through their schooling: Kids from low-income families also have a higher likelihood of taking applied courses in high school, leaving them less likely to graduate or attend university or college. Story continues below advertisement Story continues below advertisement "Kids are already coming into school at a disadvantage and that disadvantage appears to grow over time, rather than lessen," said Annie Kidder, executive director of the advocacy group People for Education.
Well-educated, high-income parents expect a lot from their schools and put pressure on teachers to perform.
A tale of two schools: The correlation between income and education in Toronto - The Globe and Mail
If those parents are absent, who is holding teachers accountable? Two years ago, Florida passed a bill to reward teachers for rising test scores, one of the key measures advocated by former governor Jeb Bush. Would merit pay for Canadian teachers help close the achievement gap?
Progressive Conservative education critic Rob Leone said it's worth discussing. The danger is that if left unchecked, income inequality in Toronto — and other Canadian cities — will lead to a greater concentration of high-scoring schools in well-to-do neighbourhoods.
As housing prices continue to climb sincethey've doubledmiddle-class neighbourhoods with good schools become wealthy neighbourhoods and poorly performing schools are left behind. Unlike cities such as Vancouver and Edmonton, where parents can choose which school to send students to, Toronto has rules surrounding geographic proximity. Students can only attend schools outside of their neighbourhood if there is room, and no schools with consistently high test scores have extra desks.
As a result, desirable schools drive surrounding real estate prices ever higher. Real-estate agent Patrick Rocca, who has worked in Toronto's Leaside and Davisville area for 20 years, said school catchment is "probably the No.
- Education and occupation of high-income Canadians
- More Canadians getting an education and it’s paying off, census data reveals
Story continues below advertisement It's not supposed to be like this. Schools provide a really important buffer to even out the chances for everyone," said Diane Dyson, director of research and public policy at WoodGreen Community Services, a social service agency.
And so often poor kids don't know about possibilities. Almost all students meet the provincial standard on testing. Only 20 per cent of Grade 6 students met the provincial standard in math in Note 5 Overall, Among them, over half These were also the three most common major fields of study for postsecondary graduates in the other high-income groups, accounting for This was followed by legal professions and studies, where 7.
These five occupation groups held The latter two occupation groups also had a smaller proportion with a university degree Educational attainment is measured using the variable ' Highest certificate, diploma or degree ,' which provides information indicating the person's highest certificate, diploma or degree obtained.
This is a derived variable obtained from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported.
A tale of two schools: The correlation between income and education in Toronto
This NHS Brief groups the educational attainment into four categories: Less than secondary school graduation no certificate, diploma or degree Secondary high school diploma or equivalent Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level: Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma; College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma; University certificate or diploma below bachelor level University certificate diploma or degree at bachelor level or above: Throughout this document, certain category names are shortened for ease of use in text and graphics.
These short forms are outlined here: The term 'high school diploma' refers to 'Secondary High school diploma or equivalent. Income threshold is based on ranking Canadians within the national individual income distribution. Individuals who had zero or negative incomes were included in the income distribution, and accounted for 4.
Median income is the income amount that one half of the population made an income at the same or higher level. Major field of study refers to the predominant discipline or area of learning or training of a person's highest completed postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs CIP Canada The term 'business field' refers to the major field of study of 'business, management, marketing and related support services.
The NOC is composed of four levels of aggregation, of which the first two levels were used in the analysis in this document. Occupation groups in this article refer to the 1-digit broad occupational categories, whereas occupation sub-groups refer to the 2-digit major groups as in NOC Those who answered 'before ' or 'never' were not required to answer questions about occupation and thus had no occupation information.